The Impact of Parenting Style on Adolescencents Behavioural Problems in Secondary Schools in Mbooni East Dsub County Makueni County-Kenya
Parents play a pivotal role in acting as social control and attachment models for their adolescents by providingrnemotional connection behavioral constrains and modeling of relationships according to Kincaid 2012. Thernquality of the parent-adolescent relationship has significant impact on the development or prevention ofrnbehavioral problem. When parents provide warmth/support appropriately monitors behavior practice disciplinernand non-coercive ways adolescents are more likely to develop good behavior. Okorodudu 2010 refers tornproblem behavior as those which are socially prohibited. These may be any behavior that falls short of societalrnnorms values beliefs and expectations. According to Azmiri 2012 these include aggression truancyrnirresponsibility immorality alcoholism vandalism lies examination malpractice sleeping in class walking outrnof the teacher and use of drugs occultism and others. These behaviors are often established in early childhoodrnand may continue in and intensify through the adolescent period. Okorodudu 2010 further stressed thatrnadolescence is a period of stress and storm. He observed that the period is characterized by rebelliousness causedrnby non-conducive environment. He found that the foundation of adolescent behavioral problems was rooted inrnthe kind of the home the adolescent was brought up. Collins et al 2010 have noted that there is increasedrnexposure of adolescent to electronic media which has also been reported to have adverse effects on adolescentsrnbehavior. Steinberg 2010 stated that authoritative parenting style provides positive parenting than any otherrnparenting style. Magawi 2004 poor parenting enhances adolescence health problems and increased crime rates.rnAn article in the Daily Nation 2010 January 10th on what teenagers wished from their parents argued thatrnmost adolescents wished their parents spent more time at home teaching them basic skills like washingrncooking etc. Teenagers criticized their parents for turning schools into dumping grounds and leaving thernmonitory role of their children to teachers. This study was therefore set to find out the impact that exists betweenrnparenting styles and behavioral problems among adolescents since many cases of behavioral problems had beenrnreported among students. It was hoped that the study would set light to school administrators and parents inrnMbooni East district Makueni Kenya.
i To establish the parenting styles in Mbooni East district.rnii To establish the relationship of uninvolved parenting authoritarian parenting permissive parenting andrnauthoritative parenting style and adolescents social behavior.
This study was conducted using descriptive survey which sought to establish the current situation in schools.rnAccording to Orodho 2003 descriptive survey is method of collecting information by interviewing orrnadministering a questionnaire to a sample of individuals. The study elicited information from students in thernschools selected. Questionnaires were used as instruments for data collection. Descriptive survey method wasrnappropriate to collect data from the population since the self-reports helped the researcher obtain attitudes asrnrespondents filled in the questionnaires Mugenda Mugenda 2003. These would provide a closerrnapproximation of youngsters true involvement in deviant activity than do official reports such as police records.rnThe study comprised of eight schools four day mixed schools one boy school and two girls schools.
. According to the study findings 66.7 of the respondents under the authoritarianrnparenting style 66.7 of the respondents under neglecting parenting style exhibited negative social behaviorrnwhile 51 of the respondents under permissive parenting style exhibited negative social behavior and only 39rnof the authoritative parenting style exhibited negative social behavior. The major recommendation was thatrnauthoritative parenting style is a tool for curbing negative social behaviors among schooling adolescents asrnopposed to the other parenting style.
According to the study findings 67 of the respondents under the authoritarian parenting exhibited negativernsocial behavior and 62 of the respondents under the neglecting parenting exhibited negative social behaviorrnwhile 57 under permissive parenting also exhibited negative social behavior . These parenting styles did notrnappear to be the best in curbing the adolescents vices in secondary schools compared to authoritative parentingrnstyle. These study findings agree with D.H sailor 2010 research which stated that children of authoritarianrnparents are less likely to internalize accept as their own standards societys unacceptable norms. Only 33 ofrnadolescents from authoritative parenting style exhibited negative social behavior. The study also established thatrn69 of the respondents under the authoritative parenting exhibited positive social behavior and 51 of thernrespondents under the permissive parenting exhibited positive social behavior. According to the study findingsrnmore than two-thirds of the respondents under the authoritarian parenting and two-thirds of the respondentsrnunder the neglecting parenting exhibited negative social behavior. This implies that the best parenting style forrnpositive social behavior among the youth is authoritative. These findings agree with Fletcher et al. 1999rnfindings that kids raised by authoritative parents are likely to become independent self-reliant social successfulrnand well behaved. They are less likely to report depression and anxiety and less likely to engage in antisocialrnbehavior like delinquency and drugs abuse
Publication Information
Focus County(s):
Makueni County
Programme Area(s):
Sexual, Reproductive, Adolescent & Child Health
Research Priority Area(s):
Disease Domain(s):
social science
Document History:
Publication Date: 06.Nov.2023
Conference Title: