Use of the partograph and obstetric Outcomes in Kajiado District Hospital
Introduction:
ne of the key challenges in the health care provision in Kenya today is the high maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality. The partograph - document used to monitor individual womans labor is promoted internationally as a means for improving quality of care by helping providers take appropriate and timely decisions based on the progress of iabor maternal condition and fetal condition at every stage. Studies ::0 far have shown a generally low level of utilization of the partograph and a marked regional and hospital to hospital variation in the use of the partograph
Objectives:
The main objective of this study was to assess the quality of intrapartum care and obstetric outcomes in Kajiado district hospital.
Methodology:
A retrospective cohort study was conducted comparing the quality of intrapartum care and obstetric outcomes in women managed by ust of the partograph exposed and those who were managed without its use unexposed. Setting: Medical records department Kajiado district hospital.
Findings:
A total of207 files were reviewed beginning ISl July 07 to 20 October 2007. Out of this 74 37YtJof the women were managed by partograph and 116 55 were managed without. Another 17 nU of the files were excluded. The socio-demographic as well as maternal condition at admission revealed that the groups were well matched with no significant differences. However there were more teenage women delivering i.e. 29 which is higher than the national average which stands at 23 5. The frequency of monitoring of maternal condition was significantly different - with 82.3 of the exposed group having blood pressure measured as opposed to 58.2 among the unexposed PO.05. Measurements of maternal pulse revealed a significant variation between the groups. Among the exposed 89 had pulse measurements recorded once or more compared to 11.3 of the unexposed PO.OO. Fetal heart rate was assessed half hourly in 22.9 among the exposed as compared to 1.2 of the unexposed RR3.1 95 C.r. 2.2-4.2 PO.OOO.For similar duration of labor fetal heart rate was measured 6.8 times among the exposed and only 2.8 times in the unexposed group. Assessment of strength and number of uterine contraction was done in 70 94.5 of the exposed compared to none among the unexposed PPOOO.Urinalysis maternal pulse and state of liquor were the least recorded parameters. The rate of augmentation remained similar in both groups at 22 exposed and 19 unexposed. However when the tracing crossed the action line in the exposed group intervention by caesarean section went up threefold from 8.1 to 25 RH.2.8 95C.I.I-4 PO.049. Duration of labor at the hospital was comparable with a mean of 6.land 6.8 hours among exposed and unexposed women respectively Chi-sq0.339 PO.952. Prolonged labor 18hrs was twice more likely to occur in unexposed 3.7 than exposed 1.3 but this was not statistically significant. Modes of delivery in both groups were comparable with the rate of caesarian at 14.4 and 11.4 among the exposed and unexposed respectively Chi-sql.07 PO.S91. Use of oxytocics in 3rd stage stood at 63.5 and 45.5 among exposed and unexposed respectively RR 1.9 95C.l.l.O-3.4 PO.026. Outcomes of labor were favorable for the majority of the women and their infants with no significant differences between the two groups.
Results:
A total of207 files were reviewed beginning ISl July 07 to 20 October 2007. Out of this 74 37YtJof the women were managed by partograph and 116 55 were managed without. Another 17 nU of the files were excluded. The socio-demographic as well as maternal condition at admission revealed that the groups were well matched with no significant differences. However there were more teenage women delivering i.e. 29 which is higher than the national average which stands at 23 5. The frequency of monitoring of maternal condition was significantly different - with 82.3 of the exposed group having blood pressure measured as opposed to 58.2 among the unexposed PO.05. Measurements of maternal pulse revealed a significant variation between the groups. Among the exposed 89 had pulse measurements recorded once or more compared to 11.3 of the unexposed PO.OO. Fetal heart rate was assessed half hourly in 22.9 among the exposed as compared to 1.2 of the unexposed RR3.1 95 C.r. 2.2-4.2 PO.OOO.For similar duration of labor fetal heart rate was measured 6.8 times among the exposed and only 2.8 times in the unexposed group. Assessment of strength and number of uterine contraction was done in 70 94.5 of the exposed compared to none among the unexposed PPOOO.Urinalysis maternal pulse and state of liquor were the least recorded parameters. The rate of augmentation remained similar in both groups at 22 exposed and 19 unexposed. However when the tracing crossed the action line in the exposed group intervention by caesarean section went up threefold from 8.1 to 25 RH.2.8 95C.I.I-4 PO.049. Duration of labor at the hospital was comparable with a mean of 6.land 6.8 hours among exposed and unexposed women respectively Chi-sq0.339 PO.952. Prolonged labor 18hrs was twice more likely to occur in unexposed 3.7 than exposed 1.3 but this was not statistically significant. Modes of delivery in both groups were comparable with the rate of caesarian at 14.4 and 11.4 among the exposed and unexposed respectively Chi-sql.07 PO.S91. Use of oxytocics in 3rd stage stood at 63.5 and 45.5 among exposed and unexposed respectively RR 1.9 95C.l.l.O-3.4 PO.026. Outcomes of labor were favorable for the majority of the women and their infants with no significant differences between the two groups.
Conclusion:
There IS low utilization of partograph at Kajiado district hospital. Accurate recording of the parameters to monitor the mother the fetus and progress of labor as recommended were mostly not done. Wheneer it was used the partograph significantly influenced the frequency of monitoring of maternal and fetal condition as well as progress of labor
Publication Information
Author(s):
Focus County(s):
Kajiado County
Programme Area(s):
Biotechnology
Research Priority Area(s):
Disease Domain(s):
maternal Health
Document History:
Publication Date: 01.Jan.1970
Conference Title:
Venue: