Mothers knowledge and practices on breastfeeding and complementary feeding in an urban slum area and rural area in Kenya: A cross-sectional interview study
Maternal breastfeeding and complementary feeding knowledge is an important determinant of childrens long-term health and development.
This study aims to account for associations between knowledge and practices in Kenya and report the food consumption of children from birth to 18 months.
In 2015 motherchild pairs were recruited from Mother-and-Child Health Centers 415 in an urban slum in Nairobi and 364 in rural Machakos. Knowledge and practice scores were calculated from questionnaire variables and 24-h food frequency questionnaire. The associations of knowledge and practices were studied with regression analysis.
Breastfeeding knowledge Nairobi 6.3/9 Machakos 5.9/9 and practices Nairobi 7.5/8 Machakos 7.2/8 were good in both areas. Complementary feeding knowledge was not as good Nairobi 7.5/14 Machakos 7.1/14. Minimum meal frequency was reached by almost 80 of the children but dietary diversity was low Nairobi 2.7 SD 1.4 Machakos 2.4. SD 1.3. Only 27 of children in Nairobi and 13 in Machakos were fed a minimum acceptable diet. The complementary feeding knowledge score was associated only with minimum dietary diversity in Nairobi OR: 1.29 95 CI: 1.1051.514.
Infant and young child feeding knowledge and practices were on a similar level in both areas.
Publication Information
Focus County(s):
Machakos County
Programme Area(s):
Sexual, Reproductive, Adolescent & Child Health
Research Priority Area(s):
Disease Domain(s):
maternal and child health
Document History:
Publication Date: 15.Apr.2022
Conference Title: