Determinants of non-compliance to hepatitis b vaccination among students of Kenya medical training college in Machakos sub county Kenya
Introduction:
: Hepatitis B virus HBV causes acute and chronic liver disease hepatitis B is an alarming populationrnhealth concern affecting approximately 10 of the globe. In mortality ranking it is number ten global cause of deathrnfor an estimated one cases globally. Hepatitis B is the most important infectious occupational hazard which medicalrnstudents and healthcare workers encounter. The magnitude of the problem can be gauged from the factrnstudents/HCWs have the high prevalence of HBV carrier state in the population.
Objectives:
To assess the level of awareness on HBV vaccination amongst students in KMTC in Machakos sub county.
Methodology:
This research was conducted in KMTC campuses in Machakos Sub County in Kenya.rnCross-sectional study design was employed in study where both quantitative and qualitative data amongst KMTCrnstudents on determinants of noncompliance to HBV vaccine by these KMTC students stratified random samplingrntechnique was employed. A target of 384 was achieved by use of Fischers et al formula. Cronbach alpha coefficientrnwas computed to find the validity and reliability. The data gathered was cleaned organized coded and analysedrnthrough the use of SPSS version 21.0 for quantitative data. Descriptive statistics. e.g. graphs percentages means andrnstandard deviation while qualitative data was analysed using narratives based on themes and sub-themes. A chi squarerntest was used to test the hypothetical statement by establishing the differences between the observed and expectedrnoutcomes on study variables.
Findings:
Results:
Most of the students in KMTC indicated that they agree that they are confident in counselling patients aboutrnthe prevention of HBV where 191 48.5 agreed while 74 18.8 strongly agreed that they can counselling patientsrnwhile 70 17.8 were not sure that they can counselling patients while 14.0 and 1 they disagreed and stronglyrndisagreed on the counselling patients on prevention of HBV. High number of respondents were confident inrnprescribing treatment for a patient with chronic hepatitis B where 155 39.3 agreed while 69 17.5 werernstrongly agreed. R square of 99.6 of the data was achieved indicating that there was goodness in fit of the data usedrnin assessment of on the relationship between the studied dependent and independent variables i.e. the attitudesrntowards Hepatitis B vaccination among students in KMTC.
Conclusion:
From the findings of the study it is apparent that the level of awareness on HBV vaccination amongstrnstudents in KMTC in Machakos Sub County is high. Majority of the students have sufficient knowledge concerningrnit. It was found that needle stick injury is the most probable route of the disease transmission. Further the respondentsrnindicated sexual abstinence and vaccination as the preventive measures against the disease.
Publication Information
Author(s):
Focus County(s):
Machakos County
Programme Area(s):
Infectious and Parasitic Diseases
Research Priority Area(s):
Disease Domain(s):
Hepatitis B Virus
Document History:
Publication Date: 01.Feb.2022
Conference Title:
Venue: