Worldwide an estimated increase of 642 million patients will have been diagnosed with diabetes mellitus by the year 2035 out of this figure more than 90 will have type 2 diabetes mellitus. In Kenya the burden for the disease is equally on rise consequently there is huge gap in knowledge deficient among the sick individuals and their families on diabetes management making most patients to present with poor self-care practices especially in rural settings wherernResources are scarce.
The study aims at developing a family-based intervention model to improve family participation in the management of patients with diabetes mellitus type II at Kitui County
The study was based cross-sectional descriptive study design was employed. Mixed methods approach was used to collect both quantitative and qualitative data from study participants. The study was carried out in Kitui County. The county is located 170 km to the south East of Nairobi city in former eastern province of Kenya. Its capital and largest town is Kitui with Mwingi serving as a major urban centre. Kitui county has a population of 1136187 2019 census. Thernstudy population comprised of all adult patients clinically diagnosed with diabetes mellitus Type II for a period of at least six months. A questionnaire is a research instrument that is used to collect data comprising of a number of questions for the study participants to respond on. A Structured interview questionnaire was used to collect qualitative data from focused group discussions while semi-structured questionnaire was used to collect quantitative data. The data was analyzed using SPSS version 25.
A significant proportion of DMTII patients Out of the total sample size 28 participants representing 49.1 of the sample reported that they monitor their blood sugars on a daily basis. On the other hand 29 participants 50.9 of the samplernindicated that they do not engage in this practice
This study provides valuable insights into the routine self-care practices among DMTII patients. While many individuals exhibit positive self-care behaviors there are areas that require attention and improvement. Healthcare providers can utilize these findings to develop targeted interventions patient education programs and support systems to enhance self-care practices among DMTII patients. By promoting and facilitating optimal self-care activities healthcare providers can help improve health outcomes and reduce the risk of complications for individuals living with DMTII.