Following the Covid-19 pandemic lockdown a surge in teen pregnancies was reported across all counties in Kenya between March and September 2020. In Nyandarua North sub-county more than 857 cases of girls aged from 10-19 years were impregnated between January and June of the same year National Council for Population Distribution report NCPD 2020. The statistics only included cases recorded in the health sector there could have been many more pregnant teenagers who did not go to the health facilities. Teenage pregnancy is a serious problem in Kenya and it must remain at the top of the governments political agenda. Teenage pregnancies may be ascribed to parental/caregivers religious leaders political leaders and other stakeholders resistance to sexual and reproductive health issues despite rising evidence that young people are commencing sex earlier than in the past. Proven strategies such as comprehensive sexuality education are being omitted since they are perceived to encourage young people toengage in sexual activity.Concerted attempts have been made to create multiple initiatives for the prevention of adolescent pregnancy of which majority target inclusive sex education and birth access avenues Achille et al. 2017. For instance to deal with issues relating to sexuality education and sexual and reproductive SRH wellbeing the Kenyan government has established various policy and legislative frameworks Musau 2018. The policies include: HIV and AIDS Education Sector Policy second edition 2013 National Sexual and Reproductive Health Policy for Adolescents 2015 the Kenya Constitution 2010 Marriage Act 2014 Population Policy for National Development Sessional Paper No. 3 which was developed in the year 2012 National Gender-Based Violence 2014 the Kenya Health Policy covering the period 2012 through to 2030 Kenya Health Sector Strategic and Investment Plan 2013-2017 and the popular version of Kenya Vision 2030. These are examples of policies put in place by the governmentof Kenya to helpprevent teenage pregnancies. Adolescent sexual reproductive policy aims to providing guidance to policymakers planners and implementers and recommending priority actions on ways to curb teenage pregnancy. Interestingly even with these policies the prevalence of pregnancies among teenagers in the country is still worrisome.The presence of the stipulated laws and regulations actions and approaches suggest that Kenya is consistent in formulation of policy and authorized structures. However the 2014 Kenya Demographic Health Survey KDHS study found almost 18 of girls aged between 15 and 19 years old had conceived or were teen-mothers while 25 of Kenyan females between 25 and 49 years of age have given birth by 18 years of age. This confirms with the earlier findings of a Kenyan Ministry of Health MoH study which indicated that many youths are sexually active and are in danger of getting pregnant and exposed to adverse health repercussions hindering their attainment of life goals and prime contribution to national advancement Musyimi et al. 2019. These statistics about Kenya show that the situation in the context of this study need to be researched further. It is against this backdrop that this research sought to find out the efficacy of parental and community guidance in preventing teenage pregnancy in Nyandarua North sub-county Kenya.
Publication Date: 15.Nov.2022