Correlates of Parental Dysfunctionality and Depressive Disorder among Adolescents in Bungoma County Kenya
Physical and psychological well-being of family members is significantly determined byrnfamily functioning and its impairment affects the family. Since there is a bidirectional processrnbetween parents and their offspring parental dysfunctionality has a negative impact onrnadolescents mental health.
This study therefore sought to examine the correlates of parentalrndysfunctionality and depressive disorder among adolescents in Bungoma County Kenya.
The total sample size for this study was 368 a composition of 184 parents and theirrn184 adolescents using Charan and Biswas 2013 formula to calculate the sample size. Therntotal number of respondents was 338 and the same were recruited into the study. These 338rnrespondents constituted a 91.7 response rate that comprised 169 parents/guardians and 169rnadolescents. Adolescents aged 14 to 21 years male and female who were in Form Two andrnThree of their secondary education were recruited into the study. The composition of the 338rnparticipants included the 169 parents and 169 adolescents where 12171.6 were female andrn48 28.4 male adolescents with the mean age 16.8 SD: 1.704. The frequency of femalernparents/guardians was also higher 101 59.8 as opposed to male counterparts 68 40.2.rnThe parents/guardians mean age was 44.0 SD: 11.74 accordingly.rnThis study used both researcher-generated socio-demographic questionnaires andrnstandardized instruments to collect data from the participants. The standardized instrumentsrninclude Beck Depression Inventory second edition BDI-II to assess depressive disorderrnAlcohol Use Disorders Identification Test AUDIT to determine the severity of alcohol usernamong parents and Modified Egna Minnen Betrffande Uppfostran EMBU-CrnQuestionnaire to determine the parental dysfunctionality. All the standardized assessmentrntools had high psychometric properties which have been validated across the globe.
Results from this study indicated that 63.3 of the parents and guardiansrnreported experiencing some form of IPV with the most prevalent form of IPV beingrnpsychological abuse at 56.8 followed by emotional abuse at 34.9 physical abuse atrn32.5 and sexual violence at 21.3. Whereas the prevalence of alcohol use disorder was atrn4.8 and alcohol dependency was at 3.6. The prevalence of depressive disorder amongrnparents was at 49.1 and among the adolescents at 67.5. Pearson correlation test wasrnused to test the correlation between the two variables.
In conclusion this study aimed to evaluate the correlates of parental dysfunctionalityrnand depression in adolescents. This study found that the prevalence of IPV was high amongrnparents/guardians there was low prevalence of Alcohol Use Disorder and dependency.rnPrevalence of depressive disorder was higher among the adolescents compared to theirrnparents/guardians. There was a significant and positive correlation between depressivernsymptoms and IPV among parents/guardians whereas there was no correlation betweenrnparents dysfunctionality and adolescents depressive disorder. This present study concludedrnthat parents/guardians DD was associated with higher chances of IPV but does not relaternwith adolescents DD. This study therefore suggests an investigation into the mediatingrnfactors of DD among adolescents whose parents were perceived to be dysfunctional.
Publication Information
Focus County(s):
Bungoma County
Programme Area(s):
Sexual, Reproductive, Adolescent & Child Health
Research Priority Area(s):
Disease Domain(s):
mental health
Document History:
Publication Date: 15.Jun.2022
Conference Title: