INFLUENCE OF GUIDANCE AND COUNSELLING SERVICES ON THE SELF-EFFICACY OF ORPHANED CHILDREN LIVING IN ORPHANAGES IN BUNGOMA COUNTY KENYA
Introduction:
The primary focus of many orphanages in Kenya is the provision of shelter and foodrnwith little investment in mental health care provision. It presents significantrnimplications for the self-efficacy of children brought up in orphanages which couldrnpersist in their adulthood. Moreover the orphanages offer general guidance andrncounselling programs with little effort directed to counselling services offered forrnpurposes of adjusting and coping with orphanhood. Research has not adequatelyrnestablished the link between counselling services provision and its relationship withrnorphans efficacy.
Objectives:
This study was aimed to find out the influence of guidance andrncounselling services on the self-efficacy of orphans living in orphanages in BungomarnCounty. The objectives of the study were to establish the influence of individualrnguidance and counselling services on the self-efficacy of orphaned children living inrnorphanages in Bungoma County to establish the influence of group guidance andrncounselling services on the self-efficacy of orphaned children living in orphanages inrnBungoma County to determine the influence of career guidance services on the selfefficacy of orphaned children living in orphanages in Bungoma County to establishrnthe influence of guidance and counselling referral services on the self-efficacy ofrnorphaned children living in orphanages in Bungoma County and to determine therninfluence of mentorship programs on the self-efficacy of orphaned children living inrnorphanages in Bungoma County.
Methodology:
y. Four theories Adlerian theory Systems theory Selfdetermination theory and the social learning theory were used in this research. Thernresearcher adopted descriptive survey research design. The population of the study wasrn2132 orphans in the 20 orphanages within Bungoma County. Two hundred and fortyrn240 of the orphans in all the 20 orphanages were purposively sampled andrninterviewed. One 1 caregiver and one 1 administrator again per orphanage wererninterviewed totalling to 280 respondents. Questionnaires and interview schedules werernused to collect data from the respondents who included the orphans orphanagesrnadministrators and caregivers. The self-efficacy scale of 1-4 was converted to betweenrn0-100. The data was prepared coded and analyzed using the Statistical Package forrnSocial Sciences SPSS version 20. Strict ethical considerations were observed duringrnthe study.
Findings:
Results:
The study established that there was a positive and significant relationshiprnbetween self-efficacy of orphaned children and individual guidance and counsellingrnservices group guidance and counselling services career guidance services guidiancernand counselling referral services and mentorship programs.
Conclusion:
This study assessed the influence of guidance and counselling services on the selfefficacy of orphaned children living in orphanages in Bungoma County Kenya. It wasrnintended to establish the influence of individual guidance and counselling services grouprnguidance and counselling services career guidance services guidance and counsellingrnreferral services and mentorship programs on the efficacy of orphaned children. Thisrnwas in relation to the fact that the challenge of orphaned and vulnerable children is taking centre stage all over the world since the mismanagement of the phenomenonrncould result in deleterious long term socio-economic challenges. In third world countriesrnsuch as Kenya best practices in orphanages is not a priority in children homes. Since thernclients of orphanages lack the psychosocial support that is key to the successfulrnnegotiation of developmental milestones the majority of the children end up vulnerablernto relapse once they are released from their care homes. The primary focus of manyrnorphanages in Kenya is the provision of shelter and food without much investment inrnprimary psychological care.rnThis has led to low self-esteem among children brought up in orphanages which couldrnpersist in their adulthood. Most orphanages have an age limit for orphans who live inrntheir orphanages after which the support program is discontinued. However arnsignificant percentage of these orphans are graduated before achieving the self-efficacyrnfor successful re-integration to mainstream society. Many of them end up living asrndestitute and engaging in anti-social and maladaptive behaviours. Several variables havernbeen identified in research as the cause for the high cases of relapse of rehabilitatedrnchildren who are released back to society. However the role of psychological behavioursrnmanagement strategies such as guidance and counselling has not received adequaternattention in research in Kenya. Therefore little is known about the influence ofrnpsychological interventions in building self-efficacy for orphaned children in managedrncare. This research aimed at bridging this gap by investigating the influence of guidancernand counselling services on the self-efficacy of orphaned children living in orphanages inrnBungoma County.rnThe study established that there was a positive and significant influence between thernefficacy of orphaned children and individual guidance and counselling services. This means that promoting individual guidance and counselling services will go along way tornimproving efficacy of orphaned children living in orphanges. Group guidance andrncounselling services had significant effect on self efficacy. This means that anyrnorphanage that has invested in group guidance and counselling services would realize anrnimprovement in self effeciacy among the orphans.rnAt the same time career guidance services had significant effect on self efficacy. Thusrnenhancing self efficacy of the orphans require orphanages to invest resources in careerrnguidance services. Guidance and counselling referral services were significant. Thisrnimplies that for improved efficacy of orphaned children to be realized guidance andrncounselling referral services are critical. Mentorship programs are key when orphanagesrnwish to realize self efficacy of the orphans. The mentors working in orphanages shouldrnbe adequatelty trained so as to significantly enhance self efficacy of the orphans.
Publication Information
Author(s):
Focus County(s):
Bungoma County
Programme Area(s):
Non-Communicable Diseases
Research Priority Area(s):
Disease Domain(s):
mental health
Document History:
Publication Date: 15.Nov.2021
Conference Title:
Venue: